Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is a widely known fertility treatment that involves placing sperm (semen) inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization of sperm and eggs. The aim of IUI treatment is to increase the number of sperm and motility that reach the fallopian tubes where eggs stay to get fertilize and consequently increase the chance of fertilization. IUI provides the sperm an advantage when inseminated through the vagina by giving it a head start but still, sperm requires to reach and fertilize the egg on its own. It is a less invasive and also less expensive fertility treatment in comparison to In Vitro Fertilization.


Reasons Why IUI is Done?

The most common reasons for IUI is low sperm count or decreased sperm motility also depends on many health and social factors.

However, IUI may be selected as a fertility treatment (not for all the infertile couples) for any of the following conditions as well:


  • Unexplained infertility
  • A hostile cervical condition, including cervical mucus problem
  • Cervical scar tissue from past procedures which may hinder the sperms’ ability to enter the uterus
  • Ejaculation dysfunction


Some Known Benefits of IUI Treatment

  • It is a relatively simple procedure than IVF and needs little preparation but medically not suggested to all infertile couples
  • The procedure outweighs defects in vagina and cervix
  • It makes sure the deposition of sperms in the most appropriate place and fertilizes eggs to form the embryo
  • It involves the use of the high quality and motile sperms which are washed and then treated
  • It is carried out with a fresh or a frozen semen sample
    • IUI procedure is done at the optimal time around the rupture of the egg or during ovulation period suggested by a doctor